The latest study on school management identified leadership to be the key factor behind successful schools. It is often simply assumed that school leaders, irrespective of capacity, will discharge responsibilities and initiatives assigned to them. EFFECTIVE SCHOOL LEADERSHIP PRACTICES IN SCHOOLS WITH POSITIVE CLIMATES IN THE AGE OF HIGH-STAKES TEACHER EVALUATIONS By Kristina M. Hansen The purpose of this research project was to understand the leadership practices and characteristics of school leaders within schools identified as having a positive school climate. Published online: 11 Nov 2020. Good article. I strongly believe that, this what we are lacking in all public schools in Tanzania. But what makes a successful school leader? editorial. On the other hand, poor or absent school leadership can undermine the goals of an educational system. Dr. Lathan earned his B.S. They are the cornerstone on which learning communities function and grow. Another Gallup study found that “highly talented principals on Gallup’s Principal Insight assessment were 2.6 times more likely to have above average employee engagement at the schools they lead three years later.” Gallup has studied the issue closely, even issuing a report titled “Six Things the Most Engaged Schools Do Differently.”, In his book, “What Great Principals Do Differently,” education author and researcher Todd Whitaker wrote: “Great principals focus on improving the quality of the teachers within their buildings. School Management: Characteristics of Effective Principal education management and peer teachers. As you will see below, I … The Jamaica school leadership program has changed the behaviors and practices of school principals and resulted in greater focus on improved instruction and student performance, better school climate, motivated teachers, and more collaboration in planning for overall school improvement. Which is why two of the most important questions leaders face are as simple as they are profound: Are you learning, as an organization and as an individual, as fast as the world is changing? By carefully hiring the best teachers, by supporting their efforts and their ambitions, by holding all staff members to high expectations, and by working to carefully support the individual development of each professional, principals impact student achievement.”. Senior Education Specialist, Education Global Practice, World Bank Group. Moreover, programs to prepare and or support school leaders are either lacking or ineffective. The opportunities that data present are many and the most effective leaders are able to leverage that data to make strategic decisions to benefit their students. For administrators to move beyond operational management to true leadership, they need to understand the capacity of their staff, promote open communication, and provide useful feedback, writes Matthew X. Joseph in District Administration.Joseph, director of curriculum, instruction, and assessment at Leicester Public Schools in Massachusetts, offers advice for administrators who seek … The following traits are common among the most successful school leaders. What is its external validity? Dr. Lathan has 18 years of experience in Higher Education Administration with 16 of those years in Online Education Administration. Why? However, what are the data that show that such program as implemented in Jamaica impacts student outcomes? successful school leadership. According to educational technology company Illuminate Education, “building a foundation for data-driven decision making” is the first of “Six Steps for School Leaders to Use Data Effectively.”, A report from the Wallace Foundation asserts that: “When it comes to data, effective principals try to draw the most from statistics and evidence, having ‘learned to ask useful questions’ of the information, to display it in ways that tell ‘compelling stories’ and to use it to promote ‘collaborative inquiry among teachers.’ They view data as a means not only to pinpoint problems but to understand their nature and causes.”. Students are motivated and connected to the school because they trust their teachers. According to a Wallace Foundation study, “Leadership is second only to classroom instruction as an influence on student learning.”. His work has evolved into a programme of research and publication that engages with issues in school and higher education leadership and management. Yet, effective school leaders are desperately needed in thousands of schools and educational institutions across this country and around the world. A leader’s commitment displays not only passion but dedication, which can have a tremendously positive effect on school culture. The use of cohort groups is really innovative. We need NCEL programme to transform education delivery in our beloved country. Alma Harris, Michelle Jones & Angella Cooze. In other words, students perform better where the principal provides strong leadership. His areas of expertise include online learning pedagogy and online teaching and learning best practices. Tschannen-Moran explains, “In schools with high levels of trust: Great school leaders know that they are not running a one-man show; that they cannot do it all alone. Vision is perhaps one of the most important qualities a leader can have as it provides momentum and direction, not just for the team leader but for each and every team member. Bush (1998; 2003) links leadership to Effective leadership is essential for any organization and school to be successful. lege for School Leadership in 2000, described as a ‘paradigm shift’ by Bolam (2004). Effective leadership is vital to the success of a school. Management provides systems and processes essential to the smooth day-to-day running of the school. Great leaders are always critically analyzing ways in which he/she can improve in order to achieve an array of goals. That’s especially true in the most challenging schools. Megan Tschannen-Moran, author and professor of educational leadership at the College of William and Mary, discusses the importance that trust plays in building communities in her book, “Trust Matters: Leadership for Successful Schools.”. In fact, you are … But passion is especially important for school leaders, who typically have a great influence on their school’s climate and culture. They make humble decisions that may not necessarily benefit themselves, but instead is the best decision for the majority. They have a goal that they can unite a team around and a plan to help them get there. What is the cost effectiveness of the program? A small handful of personal traits explains a high proportion of the variation in leadership effectiveness. “This is in large part because people want to follow a passionate leader. In this article, we explore what makes effective school leaders, using advice from expert leaders and researchers. A leader innovates and a manager administrates on the innovation. How to Advance Your Career: A Guide for Educators >>, Master of Science in Cyber Security Engineering, Master’s Degree in Health Care Informatics, Master of Science in Applied Artificial Intelligence [Online], Master of Science in Applied Data Science, Master of Science in Cyber Security Operations and Leadership, Online Master’s Degree in Health Care Informatics, Master of Science in Law Enforcement and Public Safety Leadership, Six Things the Most Engaged Schools Do Differently, Six Steps for School Leaders to Use Data Effectively, 3 Ways K-12 Teachers Can Encourage Girls to Love STEM, Career Options Expand and Salaries Spike with a Master of Education Degree, An Educator’s Guide to Teaching Styles & Learning Styles, What is Educational Technology? Passionate people have a contagious energy that can greatly affect teacher satisfaction and drive as well as student performance. School Leadership & Management, Volume 40, Issue 5 (2020) Editorial . Included: Tips for combining leadership and management skills to be a more effective administrator. The primary purpose of school leadership and management is to create and sustain an environment that underpins high quality pupil care, learning and teaching. Effective school leaders build and sustain reciprocal family and community partnerships and leverage those partnerships to cultivate inclusive, caring and culturally responsive school communities. It is hard to think of an industry where constant learning is more applicable than education. Artificial Intelligence Integration. (NWREL1995). To resolve this conflict, leaders must create a culture that supports risk-taking,” wrote the Harvard Business Review. in Psychology from Empire State College, his M.S. To many, effective leadership is continently appropriate as conscience. This circular sets out a leadership and management framework for posts in recognised primary schools. Learn how the World Bank Group is helping countries with COVID-19 (coronavirus). School leadership is second only to teaching among school-related factors in its impact on student learning, according to research. Successful principals learn to seamlessly blend their roles as managers and leaders and understand the importance of both tasks, according to educators, authors, … The very best leaders are also visionaries. Therefore, developing leaders to positively impact student outcomes is extremely desirable. Teachers are motivated and willing to try new strategies because they trust leaders to support them. “Failure is required for learning, but our relentless pursuit of results can also discourage employees from taking chances. In the overall, it is believed that the interrelatedness of the exceptional It is no secret that when people are fulfilled and given opportunity for career growth, as well as autonomy and control over their careers, they are more productive, more engaged and more effective overall. LISTS: School leaders need lists! An example from Jamaica illustrates good practice aspects that can help to equip school leaders with skills to transform schools they run. The quick answer is grounded in the following essential good practices in leadership development. Instructional Leadership: This entails the communication of the school’s mission and goals, and the effective management of the instructional program of the school. An Effective School Leader Is Selfless A leader puts others first. Initial assessment of this program is positive. Pages: 379-383. “All the knowledge in the world can’t make a good leader: It’s the care for the work and the people who collaborate with you that makes the difference,” wrote Forbes. They know that they must surround themselves with great teachers and colleagues and, not only that, they must fully support teachers and staff by encouraging them to continually learn, develop and, perhaps most important, become leaders themselves. Thank you for sharing your blog and for pointing out the essential role of good and effective school leadership on student outcomes. 7. The Harvard Business Review put it perfectly when they said: “It takes a real sense of personal commitment, especially after you’ve arrived at a position of power and responsibility, to push yourself to grow and challenge conventional wisdom. Trying to pin down what makes an effective school leader can be a little like trying to eat soup with a … The school principal is central to facilitating systemic change and leading faculty to adopt new attitudes and new practices.”. Some patterns of distribution are more effective than others. Effective leadership begins with extensive knowledge of the instructional environment: individual student needs, strengths and weaknesses of staff members, aspects … It is often simply assumed that school leaders, irrespective of capacity, will discharge responsibilities and initiatives assigned to them. To build these community networks it is essential that school leaders are visible in their schools and community, develop trust and create a sense of transparency and shared purpose with parents, staff, community members and students. Moreover, principals strongly shape the conditions for high-quality teaching and are the prime factor in determining whether teachers stay in high-needs schools. This is especially the case in education where strong and bold leadership is needed during this tumultuous time. At the same time, effective leadersh ip also involves adm inistrative accountab ility and a workable bureaucracy. They have a goal that they … This provides a platform for building collective intelligence so that employees learn from each other’s mistakes, too.”, We’ve all heard the saying, “Do as I say, not as I do.” Of course, the irony is that actions are much more telling than words. School leadership has a greater influence on schools and students when it is widely distributed. We shall examine the differences between leadership and management later in this chapter. These decisions may instead make their job increasingly difficult. With successful school leadership, schools become effective incubators of learning, places where students are not only educated but challenged, nurtured and encouraged. As John F. Kennedy said, “leadership and learning are indispensable to each other.” The best leaders, no matter what industry they work in, know they will never know it all. This site uses cookies to optimize functionality and give you the best possible experience. These reviews highlight international examples of best practice in order to effect change and identify how effective school improvement manifests itself. As noted educational leadership expert Professor Kenneth Leithwood stated in a Hechinger Report article, “Indeed, there are virtually no documented instances of troubled schools being turned around without intervention by a powerful leader.”. These statistics are startling to say the least. The paper identifies strategies that assists schools facilitate a warmer and … In a recent Gallup poll, it was discovered that 33 percent of U.S. teachers are engaged in their work, while 51 percent are not engaged and 16 percent are actively disengaged. Amy Hii is currently teaching at the Australian International School, Hong Kong. Successful school leaders use data, including standardized and school-based assessments, to drive continuous improvement through site-based decision-making for the express purpose of promoting equitable and culturally responsive opportunities for all students. NCEL has, over the short period of its existence, established a reputation in the Caribbean as an incubator of effective school leaders with sharpened focus on turning around schools through effective teaching and learning. They Have a Vision and a Plan. in Education Administration from Michigan State University, and a Ph.D. in Organizational Leadership from the Chicago School of Professional Psychology. Curricular coherence that links goals, learning activities and assessments around a set of shared values, beliefs and knowledge about effective organizational practice. The best leaders, therefore, are willing to commit to a school and persevere despite the obstacles or challenges. Dear Harriet Nannyonjo, Wealth Management. How do you become truly effective as a principal or in a leadership position? George Odhiambo is a lecturer in Educational Leadership and Management at the University of Sydney, Australia. Passion is a critical ingredient for nearly anyone who wants to be successful and happy in their job. Moreover, programs to prepare and or support school leaders are either lacking or ineffective. Leadership is a critical aspect of all social endeavors. The review draws particular attention to two concepts of leadership: instructional and transformational. Remember, it’s what you learn after you know it all that counts.”, The report also quotes the noted writer and professor John Gardner, who observed, “The best leaders I’ve gotten to know aren’t just the boldest thinkers; they are the most insatiable learners.”. IMPROVING SCHOOL LEADERSHIP MARGARET GRIFFIN FROM EUROPE TO AFRICA Copenhagen, Denmark --Setting the Scene Addis Ababa, Ethiopia --Extending basic education Libreville, The Gabon --The need for effective school leaders Khartoum, Sudan --Making effective school leaders FINDINGS Assessment of where we are now The urgent need for school leadership training Realistic … The recent OECD report, Improving School Leadership, recommends that effective school management generally comes from engagement in instructional leadersh ip (Pont, Nusche and Moorman, 2008). They prioritize. The government of Jamaica instituted the National College for Education Leadership (NCEL) program in 2011. (Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts and Mathematics. Research and practice confirm that there is slim chance of creating and sustaining high-quality learning environments without a skilled and committed leader to help shape teaching and learning. In … Of course, in order for leaders to be successful in pursuing their vision and enacting their plan, they must pair their vision with unrelenting passion. Change, while good, can also be disruptive when it occurs too frequently. “Principal turnover has a more significant negative effect in high-poverty, low-achieving schools — the very schools in which students most rely on their education for future success. To be a successful and effective leader is no easy feat. “The school principal’s active participation is the single most important predictor of success in implementing change, improving services, or setting a new course. In schools, talented leadership is essential to student achievement. In many school systems, effective school leadership is far from the norm. Families are supportive because the principal and teachers have built trusting relationships with them.”. The very best leaders are also visionaries. Election 2020. Business. The best educators know this and prioritize inclusivity, creating safe learning environments that nurture every student. To learn more about cookies, click here. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly, National College for Education Leadership (NCEL) program in 2011. One study found that it takes, on average, 5 years of a new principal leading a school for the school’s performance to rebound to the pre-turnover level.”. After all, realizing a vision doesn’t happen overnight; true transformation takes time. The idea that schools can impact positively on student outcomes is a crucial driver in the rise of interest in school improvement research and practice. That information is relevant and practical to school leadership and the general success of the any school in the world. ’s (2001) stu dy of twelve ‘effective’ schools leads to the discussion of several dilemmas in school leadership. Educational leaders play a pivotal role in affecting the climate, attitude and reputation of their schools. Objectives. How can the world Bank support our school in Africa in education especially in STEAM Through offering professional development opportunities and support services to teachers, as well as by creating an environment where teachers are able to experiment, innovate and lead, principals can ensure a healthy environment for educators that will have positive repercussions for students. According to a “Successful School Leadership” report published by UK-based Education Development Trust, “Effective headteachers provide a clear vision and sense of direction for the school. They’re endlessly curious individuals who never stop questioning, and learning. In the case of school leadership, it has been documented that frequent turnover results in a negative school climate, which in turn has a negative effect on student performance. 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