Didn't do too well. William Tecumseh Sherman William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891), American soldier, was a Union general during the Civil War. Beginning in the late 1860s, he organized the killing of some 5 million bison in an effort to drive the creatures to the brink of extinction. Sherman then launched his March to the Sea, a 50-mile- (80-km-) wide swath of total destruction… Ulysses S. … Fellow cadet and eventual Civil War general William Rosecrans remembered Sherman as “one of the brightest and most popular fellows.”, Sherman's recollections of his school performance were quite different: He later wrote in his memoirs that “I was not considered a good soldier, for at no time was I selected for any office, but remained a private throughout the whole four years. Nevertheless, the soldiers served with distinction in a number of battles," including those at Milliken's Bend and Port Hudson, Louisiana; Nashville, Tennessee; and Petersburg, Virginia. We heard of men earning fifty, five hundred, and thousands of dollars per day.”. He was named after Tecumseh, the famous Shawnee leader. From high highs leading troops during the Civil War, to low lows in his business failures, he remains a controversial figure to this day. He left along with Grant to find a restaurant that served oysters, but when they finally found one, their meal was cut short due to the Union-imposed military curfew. A William Sherman autograph can have all different price points. The General Sherman Tree located in Sequoia National Park in the "Giant Forest" bears his name and is reputed to be the largest tree in the world. After the death of John A. Rawlins, Sherman also served for one month as interim Secretary of War. Upon reaching the sea, he sent a famous message to Lincoln that read: “I beg to present you as a Christmas gift the city of Savannah.”. The couple later had eight children, two of whom died from sickness while Sherman was serving in the Civil War. He died in New York on Feb. 14, 1891. Residing in St. Louis and then New York City, Sherman continued to be active as a speaker and writer. He tried picking up again as a manager at a Lucas, Turner & Co. bank in New York, but the Panic of 1857 put an end to that. The M4 Sherman tank which was the mainstay of the western allies between 1942 and 1945 was named after the famous Civil War General. His father, Charles Robert Sherman was a successful lawyer who sat on the Ohio Supreme Court. Of the long-time-coming occasion, Sherman, in his typical straightforward manner, simply wrote in his memoirs, “I was married to Miss Ellen Boyle Ewing, daughter of the Hon. His father gave him his unusual middle name as a nod to the Shawnee chief Tecumseh, a magnetic leader who built a confederacy of Ohio Indian tribes and fought with the British during the War of 1812. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. Sein Name ist eng verbunden mit der Einnahme Atlantas und dem daran anschließenden Marsch nach Savannah, Georgia, der als Shermans Marsch zum Meer in die amerikanische Geschichte einging. “I would prefer to have this a white man’s war," he said. Sherman was initially unconvinced, saying, "You might as well attempt to put out the flames of a burning house with a squirt-gun.” But he requested that his brother, Ohio Senator John Sherman, get him a commission as a colonel in the Army. But Sherman himself wrote in his autobiography that “when I came along, on the 8th of February, 1820 ... my father succeeded in his original purpose, and named me William Tecumseh.” Today, most historians prefer the autobiographical source and agree he was born William Tecumseh, though he did go by his middle name when he was young—family members called him “Cump. The death of Sherman’s father when he was 9 left his mother a poor widow with 11 children. According to a biography [PDF] by Lloyd Lewis published in 1932, at birth Sherman was given the first name Tecumseh—for the Shawnee chief—and went by that name until he was about 9 or 10. His tenure as commanding general was marred by political difficulties, many of which stemmed from disagreements … Sherman made no secret of his disdain for politics, once quipping that he would rather spend four years in jail than in the White House. Despite his reputation for “hard” warfare, Sherman could also be surprisingly—perhaps even naively—generous in victory. Upon hearing "Tecumseh," Lewis says, the priest proclaimed that “He must be named for a saint,” and because it was the feast of St. William, the child would be baptized William. He was concerned that his force wasn’t strong enough to take on the Confederates, and with all the detachments he was sending to protect various areas, his force was weakened even further. Sherman's father died in 1829. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! The son of Charles R. Sherman, a member of the Ohio Supreme Court, he was one of eleven children. 28 Aug. became 2nd in command in Ky. under Robert Anderson, took over command on 8 Oct. “Sherman's Civil War: selected correspondence of William T. Sherman, 1860-1865”, The University of North Carolina Press 27 Copy quote I would make this war as severe as possible, and show no symptoms of tiring till the South begs for mercy. Sherman later chronicled his wartime experiences in a memoir, published in 1875. 1. William T. Sherman was a general in the Union Army. But they didn’t stay long. Sherman’s mother was left to raise 11 children. It would be better if some man [of] sanguine mind was here, for I am forced to order according to my convictions.”, Journalists covering his movements described that “it was soon whispered about that he was suffering from mental depression,” and that he was “a bundle of nerves all strung to their highest tension.” A December 11, 1861 headline from the Cincinnati Commercial [PDF] read, “General William T. Sherman Insane,” and another paper proclaimed, “General Sherman, who lately commanded in Kentucky, is said to be insane. He fought along side General Ulysses S. Grant and was supported by President Abraham Lincoln. Sherman is mostly known for his use of "total war." He then went on a fact-finding mission with Mason to determine whether there was more gold in California, where he said, “Stories reached us of fabulous discoveries, and spread throughout the land. Though published accounts differ, he allegedly told the cadets, “War is Hell!”, Some cite the speech as saying, “You don’t know the horrible aspects of war. Sherman continued his harsh policies after becoming commanding general of the army in 1869, and by the 1870s, he had helped force most of the Plains peoples onto reservations. William T. Sherman (1820–1891). William Tecumseh Sherman seems to be a contradiction—a rough and tough orphan who hated military decorum but who went on to become one of the most important Union generals during the Civil War. After missing out on combat in the Mexican American War and enduring a series of lackluster assignments, Sherman left the military in 1853 to run a San Francisco bank. Family friends helped, and Sherman went to live with soon-to-be Ohio Senator Thomas Ewing. Beauregard (who would both eventually serve on the Confederate side, as an officer and a general respectively). Sherman was devoted to the Union, but he thought the rising South versus North tensions were unnecessary, and that Lincoln’s attempts to combat the secessionists were insignificantly small. gold! I’ve been through two wars and I know. William Tecumseh Sherman was an American soldier, businessman, educator and author ; He served as a General in the Union Army during the American Civil War (1861–65), for which he received recognition for his outstanding command of military strategy as well as criticism for the harshness of the "scorched earth" policies that he implemented in conducting total war against the Confederate States Left army in 1853 to go into banking. Sherman was 30 and Ellen (whose real name was Eleanor) was 25. Here are some fascinating facts about William Tecumseh Sherman. After a relatively long courtship for the time, the pair eventually got married in 1850 while her father was the U.S. Secretary of the Interior. Slave Auction Business in Atlanta, 1864. Credit: George N. Barnard via Wikimedia (Public Domain). Birthplace: Lancaster, Ohio Date of Death: February 14,1891 Cause: Pneumonia Place of Death: New York City Height: About 6 feet Nationality: American Ancestry: English Occupation before Civil War: Army Officer, banker, lawyer, superintendent of Louisiana State Seminary of Learning & Military Academy (now Louisiana State Univ,) Occupation during Civil War: Union Army General Occup… Then, as now, neatness in dress and form, with a strict conformity to the rules, were the qualifications required for office, and I suppose I was found not to excel in any of these. A relative later wrote that Sherman’s father always shook off concerns that he had given his son a “savage Indian name” by arguing, “Tecumseh was a great warrior.”. Sherman, who didn’t receive word of the specifics to any other terms of surrender, wrote his own for Johnston to agree upon, which included providing Confederates citizenship and property rights so long as they laid down their arms and returned home peacefully. Artillery. He held the job for a year, but he quit and returned to St. Louis after Louisiana seceded from the Union. Engraving depicting Sherman’s “march to the sea”, Sherman’s March to the Sea was one of the most stunning operations of the Civil War, yet few people outside of Georgia knew anything about it while it was underway. Following his father's untimely death in 1829, Sherman was sent to live with the family of Thomas Ewing. William Tecumseh Sherman went by his middle name for the first part of his life. Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress. Field, William Churchill, Joseph Stewart, and … But one day the priest was told that Sherman “had never really been baptized.” After getting permission from Sherman’s mother, the priest asked for Sherman’s name. A relative later wrote that Shermans father always shook off concerns that he had given his son a savage Indian … "With my opinion of negroes and my experience, yea prejudice, I cannot trust them yet ... with arms in positions of danger.”. Sherman was fond of the Ewings’ eldest daughter, Ellen, and frequently corresponded with her while at West Point. Februar 1820 in Lancaster, Ohio; 14. Digital ID # cwpb 03379. Capsule biography; West Point 1840; During Mexican War stationed in California. Some sources say “William” was added later. His siblings all enjoyed professional success. Historians have since speculated that he was suffering from depression or nervous exhaustion, but whatever its cause, the general’s bizarre behavior eventually found its way into the papers, some of which labeled him insane. A William Sherman autograph endorsement signed during the Civil War is worth $800 – $2,500. When Grant became president in 1869, Sherman was appointed Commanding General of the United States Army and promoted to General of the Army. William Tecumseh Sherman was born in 1820 in Lancaster, Ohio, to Charles Robert Sherman, a successful lawyer. February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891 William Tecumseh Sherman, although not a career military commander before the war, would become one of "the most widely renowned of the Union’s military leaders next to U. S. Grant.” Sherman, one of eleven children, was born into a … Ohio native and Union general William T. Sherman lost the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain in June 1864. Updated for 2021. His father was a famed lawyer at the Ohio Supreme Court. His birthplace was in Lancaster, Ohio. Sherman took to the job with characteristic vigor, orchestrating the relocation of the tribes and warning their chiefs, “you cannot stop the locomotive any more than you can stop the sun or the moon, and you must submit.” To help break the natives’ spirit, Sherman took a page from his Civil War playbook and set his sights on destroying one of their primary resources: the buffalo. And his brother Hoyt was a successfu… When he accepted Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston’s surrender in Durham, North Carolina, in April 1865, Sherman offered very forgiving terms that granted general amnesty to the rebels and even allowed for the Southern states to immediately re-enter the Union upon swearing an oath of allegiance. When the pair met up later that night after fending off Confederate attacks, historian Bruce Catton said, “He came on Grant, at last, at midnight or later, standing under the tree in the heavy rain, hat slouched down over his face, coat-collar up around his ears, a dimly glowing lantern in his hand, cigar clenched between his teeth. 16-year-old Sherman joined the United States Military Academy, and after graduation started his service as Second Lieutenant in the 3rd U.S. His father died while William was still a boy and after his father’s death, he was raised by a family friend, attorney Thomas Ewing. When asked about Sherman’s whereabouts, a worried President Lincoln is said to have responded, “We know what hole he went in, but we don’t know what hole he will come out of.” Sherman would finally reappear on December 22, having slashed and burned his way through the heart of Georgia. On July 25, 1866, Congress created the rank of General of the Army for Grant and then promoted Sherman to lieutenant general. (He would eventually become one of the few high-ranking officers during the Civil War who didn’t fight in Mexico. I’ve seen cities and homes in ashes. . William Tecumseh Sherman was born on February 8, 1820 in Lancaster, Ohio. He was eventually moved again, and served in California during the Mexican-American War in a largely administrative role. After the war his name came up numerous times as a prospective Republican nominee for president. Despite failing in his career as a banker, Sherman was directly involved in the expansion of the California Gold Rush. Er kämpfte auf Seiten der Nordstaaten. I’ve seen thousands of men lying on the ground, their dead faces looking up at the skies. He left behind no inheritance. After losing his father at the age of 9, Sherman was sent to live with Thomas Ewing, a renowned Ohio attorney and family friend who later served as a senator and the U.S. Secretary of the Treasury. In 1859 became head of a military school in Alexandria, La. When the Republican National Convention of 1884 tapped him as a serious potential candidate, he sent them a straightforward rejection: “I will not accept if nominated and will not serve if elected.” He died in 1891 of pneumonia. Sixteen black soldiers were awarded the Medal of Honor. According to the National Archives, "By the end of the Civil War, roughly 179,000 black men (10 percent of the Union Army) served as soldiers in the U.S. Army and another 19,000 served in the Navy ... Because of prejudice against them, black units were not used in combat as extensively as they might have been. William Tecumseh Sherman (known as “Cump” to his friends) was born in Lancaster, Ohio, on February 8, 1820. Two other companies were at the post, viz., Martin Burke's and E. D. Keyes's, and among the officers were T. W. Sherman, Morris Miller, H. B. Never an outstanding battle captain, he nevertheless won high honors by his talent for devising sweeping campai… He was on the scene during a mission that confirmed the existence of rich gold deposits along the Sacramento River, and later penned the letter Mason sent to Washington relaying their findings. He later signed on as the first superintendent of the Louisiana State Seminary of Learning and Military Academy—the school that would become Louisiana State University. Coupled with other early discoveries, Sherman and Mason’s fact-finding mission inadvertently set off a wave of gold fever in the United States. Colonel William Gates commanded the post and regiment, with First-Lieutenant William Austine as his adjutant. William Tecumseh Sherman (known as Cump to his friends) was born in Lancaster, Ohio, on February 8, 1820. Their friendship and military prowess would be tested at the Battle of Shiloh, where Sherman served under Grant and and dealt the Confederate army a decisive counterattack after they surprised the Union forces in the early morning of April 6, 1862. He graduated sixth in his class. A simple William Sherman autograph letter signed during the Civil War can sell for $2,500 while an excellent one can sell for $10,000, plus or minus, depending on how great the content is. Before leaving Atlanta, Sherman intentionally severed all telegraph links to the North to help shroud his moves in secrecy. William Tecumseh Sherman was born on February 8th, in 1820. Sherman later helped write a letter Mason sent to Washington relaying their findings, effectively opening up California for prospectors. His younger brother was John Sherman who later became a United States Senator. Project Assistant Ryan Lintelman brings us three Sherman facts that might surprise you. He vastly overestimated the size of Confederate forces in the region, griped in his dispatches to President Lincoln and appeared constantly on edge. A despondent Sherman left the banking world for good in 1858. Sherman and his troops laid siege to Atlanta in late summer and burned much of the city before finally capturing it. “The utter destruction of [Georgia's] roads, houses and people,” he wrote, “will cripple their military resources … I can make the march and make Georgia howl!” It was a technique that became known as “hard war.” (He would eventually employ this same tactic in campaigns against Native American tribes after the war.) My average demerits, per annum, were about one hundred and fifty, which reduced my final class standing from four to six.”. Although one of the best students academically he had trouble conforming to the rules of the Academy. Some of our soldiers began to desert; citizens were fitting out trains of wagons and pack-mules to go to the mines. His father gave him his unusual middle name as a nod to the Shawnee chief Tecumseh, a magnetic leader who built a confederacy of Ohio Indian tribes and fought with the British during the War of 1812. Two such races cannot live in harmony save as master and slave.”, And though he was fighting for the Union, Sherman also declined to employ black troops in his armies. Johnston eventually agreed to a simple military surrender devoid of any civil guarantees. FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. 1 William Tecumseh Sherman went for his first part of his life after his middle name. After graduating from West Point, Sherman was assigned to fight in the Second Seminole War, and was primarily stationed in the South. He led Union forces in crushing campaigns through the South, marching through Georgia and the Carolinas (1864–65). William Tecumseh Sherman, (born February 8, 1820, Lancaster, Ohio, U.S.—died February 14, 1891, New York, New York), American Civil War general and a major architect of modern warfare. William T. Sherman. Benton, President [Zachary] Taylor, and all his cabinet.” The newlyweds soon moved to St. Louis, Missouri. He then tried becoming a lawyer in Kansas until other job opportunities arose. ", In 1836, then-Senator Ewing secured an appointment for the 16-year-old Sherman to enter West Point as a cadet. 2. In 1829, his father, Ohio State Supreme Court justice Charles R. Sherman, died, and his mother, Mary Hoyt Sherman, couldn't support the children. They are as stated and the future looks as dark as possible. Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton said Sherman’s leniency threw away “all the advantages we had gained from the war ... afford[ing] Jeff Davis an opportunity to escape with all his money.” Rhode Island Senator William Sprague IV even called for Sherman’s immediate removal from command. When Grant became U.S. president in 1869, Sherman replaced him as general in chief, a post he held with distinction until he retired from the army in 1883 as a four-star general. I tell you, war is Hell!”, Others claim Sherman said, “There is many a boy here today who looks on war as all glory, but, boys, it is all Hell,” or “Some of you young men think that war is all glamour and glory, but let me tell you, boys, it is all Hell!”. He was later placed under the command of General Ulysses S. Grant, and following a crucial victory at April 1862’s Battle of Shiloh, the pair forged a winning partnership that lasted for the remainder of the war. This was part of the main reason why Sherman went to be raised by … His younger brother John served in the U.S. Senate. Sherman was left humiliated, in part because many military friends—including future Civil War generals Braxton Bragg and George Thomas—had entrusted money to him. Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. Here are some fascinating facts about William Tecumseh Sherman. Nevertheless, during the 1870s and 1880s, Washington D.C., movers and shakers often tried—and failed—to convince him to make a run at the presidency. Februar 1891 in New York City, New York) war ein US-amerikanischer Offizier, Bankier, Rechtsanwalt, Schriftsteller und einer der bekanntesten Generale des Sezessionskrieges. Here are some fascinating facts about William Tecumseh Sherman. While general, his army burned the cities of Atlanta and Savannah. In a stopover in Nashville, while he was contemplating strategy with Grant, Sherman and a group of generals took in a local performance of Shakespeare’s Hamlet. The young Sherman grew close with Ewing’s eldest daughter, Ellen, and they regularly corresponded through letters during his tenure at West Point and his early military career. He graduated sixth in his class, and according to classmates, he was an exceptional student. During the U.S. Civil War, General William Tecumseh Sherman … Sherman took a job as headmaster of a military academy in Louisiana in January 1860 thanks to referrals from two friends, Braxton Bragg and P.G.T. Explore the best of William T. Sherman Quotes, as voted by our community. Sherman requested to be relieved from his position in early November 1861, and remained sidelined until that December, when he was reassigned to the Western Theater. Sherman and Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston (Credit: Universal History Archive/Getty Images). The next month, he met with Lincoln, telling the president that he had an “extreme desire to serve in a subordinate capacity, and in no event to be left in a superior command.” Despite his wishes, Sherman was given second command of the Army of the Cumberland in Kentucky, where he fell into increasing levels of depression and nearly quit. In the aftermath of the Battle of Averasboro, William T. Sherman continued his march through the Carolinas, destroying railroads and disrupting supply lines on its way to join Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s army near Petersburg & Richmond. Lewis says that the Ewings would have a priest visit monthly and teach the children. Sherman’s blunt assessment of his experiences in the Civil War were summed up in a speech he gave to the graduating class of the Michigan Military Academy on June 19, 1879. On the 150th anniversary of the fall of the city of Atlanta to the Union Army's Division of the Mississippi during the Civil War, we're launching a new online group of artifacts related to Union Army General William Tecumseh Sherman. Days after Lincoln was assassinated in April 1865, the general met with Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston in Durham, North Carolina to accept the surrender of the Confederate armies that were still fighting in the Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida. Sherman allegedly thought that the actors onstage were butchering their roles so badly that he couldn’t bear watching any longer, and supposedly voiced his discouragement out loud for audience members to hear. All Rights Reserved. !’ until it assumed the character of a fever. Perhaps best known for his 1864 “March to the Sea,” William Tecumseh “Cump” Sherman (1820–1891) was born in Lancaster, Ohio. Sherman hadn’t wanted the role, and in short order, the weight of its responsibilities took a toll on his mental health. Sherman and Johnston went on to become a good friends, and the latter even served as a pallbearer at his former adversary’s funeral in 1891. Moved again, and thousands of men earning fifty, five hundred, and according to classmates, he liquidated! The Medal of Honor for the North to help shroud his moves secrecy! Helped write a letter Mason sent to live with the family of Thomas Ewing Alexandria,.! © 2021 a & E Television Networks, LLC Universal History Archive/Getty Images ) facts that surprise. '' he said was primarily william t sherman facts in California wrote, “ that i exaggerate the facts West. York city, Sherman was a general respectively ) after thousands of speculators West. Supreme Court during the Civil War. are some fascinating facts about William Tecumseh Sherman William Tecumseh Sherman for... 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